For many individuals, struggling with debts is a part of daily life. Working paycheck to paycheck is very common. Missing just one or two paychecks can create a financial crisis that is difficult to overcome.
Chapter 13 bankruptcy may be a debt relief option that can help you get out of debt and back on your feet. Let’s discuss Chapter 13 bankruptcy in Wisconsin in more detail to give you an idea of whether a Chapter 13 might be right for you.
What To Know About Chapter 13 Bankruptcy in Wisconsin
- Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 Bankruptcy in Wisconsin
- Wisconsin Means Testing
- Chapter 13 Plan Payments
- Wisconsin Bankruptcy Exemptions
- Wisconsin Bankruptcy Courts
- Bankruptcy Trustees in Wisconsin
- Deciding Whether to File Chapter 13
Wisconsin Bankruptcy Cases — Chapter 7 or Chapter 13
Most consumer debtors (the person filing for bankruptcy relief) file under Chapter 13 or Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code.
Chapter 7 bankruptcies are liquidation cases. Bankruptcies filed under Chapter 7 are intended for individuals who cannot afford to repay their debts after paying normal living expenses. You must meet income qualifications to file under Chapter 7. Even though Chapter 7 may be less expensive to file than a Chapter 13 case, it does not offer some of the benefits of filing Chapter 13.
Chapter 13 bankruptcies allow debtors to reorganize their debts. Through a Chapter 13 repayment plan, you can:
- Lower the amount you owe on unsecured debts (debts that are not secured by collateral like credit card debts and medical debts)
- Catch up back mortgage payments to stop foreclosure
- Lower your car payments, if you qualify
- Stop wage garnishments and repossessions
- Catch up back taxes, alimony, and child support
- Protect your property from creditors and the court
Chapter 13 has distinct advantages. However, you are committed to a three to five-year bankruptcy plan. You cannot borrow money or sell major assets without court approval. However, you can get rid of debts and rebuild your financial wellbeing without fear of losing your home, car, and other assets.
Wisconsin Means Testing
The Means Test compares your income to the income of households in Wisconsin. If your average income is below the median income in Wisconsin, you may qualify for a bankruptcy discharge under Chapter 7.
The income is based on the number of people in your household. The data used to calculate the figures for the Means Test is updated periodically to reflect the most recent statistical data for income and expenses.
The most recent data for the Wisconsin Means Test applies to cases filed on or after May 1, 2020. For each person in the household, add $9,000 for each person in the household. You must ensure that you are using the most recent figures available when calculating the Means Test. The figures change periodically.
|# of People||Annual Income|
Calculating the Chapter 13 Plan Payment in Wisconsin
A Chapter 13 plan payment is calculated using a variety of factors. For example, one of the first factors is your disposable income. Disposable income is the amount of money you have remaining each month after paying your allowable living expenses.
Other factors that impact the amount of your Chapter 13 plan payment are the amount of unsecured debt you owe, whether you owe priority unsecured debts (i.e. most income taxes, child support, alimony) that must be paid in full in a Chapter 13 plan, and whether you have non-exempt equity in any property.
Calculating a Wisconsin Chapter 13 plan payment can be complicated. For that reason, it is generally best to consult with a Chapter 13 bankruptcy attorney in Wisconsin. However, our Chapter 13 repayment calculator can help you estimate what your plan payment might be in a Chapter 13 case. Below is a rough estimate that you can use, but you may want to use our more precise to get a better idea of what you might pay for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy plan in Wisconsin.
Wisconsin Bankruptcy Exemptions
Bankruptcy exemptions allow debtors to claim a certain amount of equity in specific property exempt from the bankruptcy case. In a Chapter 13 case, exempt equity is not used when calculating a Chapter 13 payment.
In Wisconsin, you can choose between federal bankruptcy exemptions or Wisconsin bankruptcy exemptions. The federal and state bankruptcy exemptions differ. Therefore, you want to carefully analyze the allowed exemptions to determine whether the federal or Wisconsin bankruptcy exemptions offer better protection in your case.
Wisconsin bankruptcy exemptions can be found in the Wisconsin Statutes. A bankruptcy attorney can help you compare the most current federal and state exemptions to determine which set of exemptions you should use when filing Chapter 13 in Wisconsin.
Bankruptcy Courts in Wisconsin
There are two bankruptcy districts in Wisconsin — Eastern and Western. You can locate which district and division your Chapter 13 case will be filed in by locating your county on this Wisconsin bankruptcy jurisdictional map.
The Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of Wisconsin has two court locations or divisions. One is located in Madison at 120 North Henry Street and the other is located in Eau Claire at 500 South Barstow Street. The Chapter 13 trustees hold 341 Meetings (First Meeting of Creditors) in several locations. For example, your county of residence determines your 341 Meeting location. A list of 341 Meeting locations are available on the bankruptcy court website.
The Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin has just one division. The bankruptcy courthouse is located in Milwaukee at 517 East Wisconsin Avenue. 341 Meeting locations in the Eastern District are also determined by your county of residence.
Wisconsin Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Trustees
A bankruptcy trustee is assigned to your Chapter 13 case to administer the bankruptcy case. The Chapter 13 trustee receives your payments each month and distributes payments to your creditors according to your confirmed Chapter 13 plan.
Three Chapter 13 trustees serve in Wisconsin. You are assigned a Wisconsin Chapter 13 trustee based on the location of your bankruptcy filing. See the Wisconsin Chapter 13 Trustees below:
|Eastern||Rebecca R. Garcia||(920) 231-2150|
|Eastern||Scott A. Lieske||(414) 271-3943|
|Western||Mark W. Harring||(608) 256-4320|
Should I File a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Case?
Deciding whether to file a Chapter 13 bankruptcy case can be difficult. There are many things to consider before filing for bankruptcy relief, including alternatives to bankruptcy. Our blog has numerous articles related to filing Chapter 13. We also have a debt consolidation comparison calculator available on our website and Debt Settlement Guide to help you compare your bankruptcy and non-bankruptcy options for debt relief. To help you understand the process, we have also created the video below to summarize a Wisconsin Chapter 13 bankruptcy.
Ascend helps consumers review various debt relief options to find an option that works for them. If you are ready to get out of debt, we can help.